ETA researchers work extensively in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, (ASEAN), which includes Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia.
Researchers at LBNL have developed and continually refined detailed, bottom-up national energy end-use models (DREAM) to evaluate potential future pathways and roadmaps for two key countries with fast-growing energy demand: China and India. Begun in 2005 in response to a growing policy focus in the Chinese government on energy efficiency, we developed the China 2050 DREAM model. This was followed by the development of the India 2050 DREAM model, and we are developing a similar model to conduct Net Zero Pathways for Indonesia.
The research includes:
Detailed energy and emissions analyses at national, sectoral and technology levels
Retrospective and prospective sectoral and cross-cutting policy impact evaluation
Energy demand and supply options
Medium- and long-term outlooks for low-emissions pathways for GHGs and air pollutants
The ASEAN region is very important in increasing the demand of cooling products, such as air conditioners, as well as manufacturing finished products and/or components, particularly with Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. LBNL researchers are collaborating with international and regional partners in ASEAN to gain member states’ commitments to and provide technical assistance for improving energy-efficiency standards for room air conditioners.
Indonesia is one of the largest economies and energy consumers in the world. Today, fossil fuels, and coal in particular, dominate the country’s primary energy mix. Given the rising incomes and rapid industrial development, by 2050, Indonesia’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are expected to double its current emissions level if the current policies continue. Since most of the infrastructure that will exist by 2050 is yet to be built, Indonesia has a unique opportunity to leapfrog to low-carbon solutions. LBNL researchers have collaborated with the Government of Indonesia since 2014 on appliance energy efficiency and energy demand modeling to support Indonesia’s ambitious energy and climate goals, In particular, our research identifies strategies to cut peak demand by 20GW by 2030.
Contact: Virginie Letschert
The Philippines’ energy sector is rapidly evolving with increased penetration of variable renewable energy (VRE) and distributed energy resources (DER), potential electrification of transportation, and increased electricity use for end-uses such as cooling. As part of a multi-year collaboration, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Regional Development for Asia, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), through the Advanced Energy Partnership for Asia, have supported the Government of the Philippines and the Philippines Department of Energy (PDOE) to enhance clean energy planning at the national level. Part of this support has focused on growing PDOE’s capabilities for enhanced load forecasting for long-term power system planning.
Contact: Stephane de la Rue du Can
Our researchers have supported and collaborated with Singapore in their building technologies R&D programs for decades. A recent example is the development of Singapore Building Construction Authority’s SkyLab, modeled after Berkeley Lab’s FLEXLAB, which studies low energy integrated packages of technologies in buildings. We have also supported Singapore in advising on building R&D programs to achieve their aggressive energy goals.
Contact: Cindy Regnier
We have been been working with Singapore and Indonesia to develop a program focused on the built environment. It is envisioned that CIBE will harness U.S. government-research-industry collaboration with ASEAN countries to conduct ground-breaking research, development, demonstration, and commercial adoption (RDD-CA) activities on net zero carbon technology/policy solutions for the built environment that would accelerate progress toward U.S. goals, such as net zero emissions by 2050, and promote the deployment of low-carbon solutions in the ASEAN countries to spur economic development, industry fosterage, innovation, jobs, equity, and competitiveness.
Berkeley Lab has played a leading role in international partnerships to facilitate low-energy building design, construction, and operations. A collaborative partnership model, the Scientific Planning Support (SPS) team is where staff from Berkeley Lab, the Austrian Institute of Technology, and Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University formed the SPS team to provide design assistance and process support during the design phase of a low-energy building project. Specifically, the SPS team worked on the Clean Tech Two project, a tenanted laboratory and office building seeking Green Mark Platinum, the highest green building certification in Singapore.
The SPS team hosted design charrettes, helped to develop design alternatives and assessments, and provided recommendations on the design process in support of this aggressive energy target.
Contact: Reshma Singh
The increasing market penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) charging shifts a significant portion of transportation energy use onto building electricity meters. Hence, integration strategies for energy-efficiency in buildings and transport sectors are of increasing importance. A collaborative project between Berkeley Lab and Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore campus focused on the analysis of an optimal interaction of EVs with a building-serving transformer, and coupling it to a microgrid that includes PV, a fuel cell and a natural gas micro-turbine. We conducted the analysis of case scenarios to estimate the number of EVs that can be supported by the building transformer serving the Laboratory of Clean Energy Research (LaCER) Lab that houses the award winning Microgrid Energy Management System (MG-EMS) project. The possibility of using EV fleet at NTU campus to achieve demand response capability and intermittent PV output leveling through vehicle to grid (V2G) technology and building energy management systems was also explored.
Berkeley Lab researchers published general guidelines to assist cities and districts globally to develop and implement voluntary existing building energy efficiency (EBEE) targets and improvement programs. The Targets Playbook provides an overview of questions for cities to consider, as well as possible approaches for cities to take based on real-world case studies. The guidebook was shared with cities that are participating in the Building Energy Accelerator from the World Resource Institute through workshops and webinars.
- ASEAN Center for Energy
- American Society for Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers Indonesia Chapter
- Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS)
- Building Construction Authority
- Building Efficiency Accelerator of the World Resources Institute
- Coordinating Ministry of Maritime and Investment Affairs
- Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource (ESDM)
- Directorate General of New and Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (EBTKE)
- Directorate General of Electricity
- Green Building Council of Indonesia
- Indonesia Business Council for Sustainable Development
- Institute for Essential Services Reform
- Bandung Institute of Technology
- Indonesian Energy Conservation and Efficiency Society (MASKEEI)
- Ministry of Industry
- Ministry of Public Works and Housing
- Nanyang Technical University
- National University of Singapore