Urban-scale building energy consumption database: a case study for Wuhan, China
Building energy consumption accounts for 30% of the overall energy end use worldwide. This number is even much higher in urban areas. With rapid urbanization in China, cities are expanding with new constructions. It is essential to create an updated urban-scale building energy consumption database to represent energy use for different types of buildings in China, which could help urban planners, managers and decision makers to understand temporal and spatial building energy consumption distribution and ensure required electricity and/or gas supply. However, such urban-scale database is rarely found in China. This paper creates baseline EnergyPlus models for residential, small office and large office buildings and validates the baseline models using survey data from literature. Parametric simulations are conducted to consider different design factors, such as building enclosure, lighting power density, equipment power density, HVAC schedule, etc. In total 351 EnergyPlus models are generated to cover different energy use intensity scenarios. Data-driven regression analysis is conducted to predict building energy consumption using building price/rent. The prediction results are expected to provide design decision support for urban planning and power distribution for new constructions.