Industry Decarbonization Roadmaps for Indonesia: Opportunities and challenges to net-zero emissions

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 Indonesia is the fourth-most populous country in the world with a fast-growing economy. The industrial sector is one of the largest CO2-emitting sectors in Indonesia. Decarbonizing the industrial sector is critical to achieving Indonesia's enhanced Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

This in-depth study, conducted jointly by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Institute for Essential Service Reforms (IESR) of Indonesia developed sector-specific roadmaps for deep decarbonization of five key industry sectors in Indonesia: iron and steel, cement, ammonia, pulp and paper, and textile industries, which are responsible for 70% of the industrial emissions in Indonesia. We analyzed the current status of the studied industries and analyzed different decarbonization pathways that can substantially reduce the CO2 emissions of Indonesia's industry sector. The results of the collaboration demonstrate that it is technically feasible to mitigate 100 million tonnes (Mt) of CO2 emissions from today's level, or 160 MtCO2 emissions from the reference scenario, and achieve near-zero CO2 emissions in the studied Indonesia’s industrial sectors by 2060, as well as 2050 in an accelerated mitigation scenario.

Achieving industrial decarbonization in Indonesia requires adopting a multifaceted policy approach. It is important to establish clear and credible emission targets at the sectoral level, develop a policy framework that encourages fuel switching and energy efficiency investment, create a new market for material efficiency, and drive investment in research, development, innovation, and demonstration projects, as well as prepare the workforce with the skills, knowledge, and capabilities.

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